Judge rules Florida congressional redistricting plan is unconstitutional

Secretary of State Cord Byrd promised to appeal to the Florida Supreme Court.

U.S. Rep. Al Lawson, D-Fla., in his then-Longworth Building office, March 2, 2017.

U.S. Rep. Al Lawson, D-Fla., in his then-Longworth Building office, March 2, 2017. Photo By Tom Williams/CQ Roll Call via Getty Images

A Leon County circuit judge Saturday ruled that a congressional redistricting plan pushed through the Legislature by Gov. Ron DeSantis violated the Florida Constitution and needs to be redrawn.

Circuit Judge J. Lee Marsh sided with voting-rights groups in a lawsuit focused on a North Florida district that in the past elected Black Democrat Al Lawson but was dramatically revamped during the 2022 redistricting process. White Republicans won all North Florida congressional districts in the November elections.

Marsh ordered that the issue return to the Legislature “to enact a remedial map in compliance” with the state Constitution. 

But in a statement reported by Florida Politics and WPTV, Secretary of State Cord Byrd said state officials “disagree with the trial court’s decision. This is why the stipulation contemplates an appeal with pass through jurisdiction to the Florida Supreme Court which we will be pursuing.”

Florida voters in 2010 approved a constitutional amendment, known as the Fair Districts amendment, that set standards for redistricting. Part of that barred drawing districts that would “diminish” the ability of minorities to “elect representatives of their choice.”

“Under the stipulated facts (in the lawsuit), plaintiffs have shown that the enacted plan results in the diminishment of Black voters’ ability to elect their candidate of choice in violation of the Florida Constitution,” wrote Marsh, a former state chief assistant attorney general first appointed to the circuit bench by Republican Gov. Rick Scott in 2018.

"I am pleased the Court struck down the DeSantis congressional map, finding that his office and the Legislature violated the Constitution," Lawson said in a statement.

"This decision is a victory for the people of North Florida, particularly those communities of color who have been historically disenfranchised ... I am confident the state Supreme Court Justices will uphold their oaths to the Constitution and affirm this decision." 

Olivia Mendoza, director of litigation and policy for the National Redistricting Foundation, an affiliate of the National Democratic Redistricting Committee, called it "a significant victory in the fight for fair representation for Black Floridians."

“As a result, the current discriminatory map should be replaced with a map that restores the Fifth Congressional District in a manner that gives Black voters the opportunity to elect a candidate of their choice,” Mendoza said in a statement. 

Attorneys for the Florida House, Senate and Secretary of State Cord Byrd argued during a hearing last month that the U.S. Constitution’s Equal Protection Clause prevented using a district similar to the district Lawson held because it would involve racial gerrymandering.

The disputed district, Congressional District 5, in the past stretched from Jacksonville to Gadsden County, west of Tallahassee, incorporating areas that had large Black populations. The 2022 plan put the district in the Jacksonville area.

But Marsh wrote that the state had not proven gerrymandering.

DeSantis cited the equal-protection issue as he effectively took control of the congressional redistricting process last year. He vetoed a plan passed by the Legislature and called a special session that ultimately led to a map that helped lead in the November elections to Florida Republicans increasing their number of U.S. House members from 16 to 20.

While the case initially addressed other districts, attorneys for the plaintiffs and the state last month agreed to narrow it to Congressional District 5. In the agreement, the state acknowledged that “if the non-diminishment standard applies to North Florida, then there is no Black-performing district in North Florida under the enacted map.”

But the state maintained “that the Equal Protection Clause would nonetheless prohibit the creation of a Black-performing district in North Florida.”

Jim Rosica contributed. This News Service of Florida story is being provided for free to City & State Florida readers. For the most comprehensive and in-depth political and policy news, consider a subscription, beginning with a 10-day free trial. Click here to sign up!

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